What do they look like?
Moles are silver grey to black in colour, around 12-15cm in length and weigh around 70 – 100 grams.
Their fur lies in either direction so that they can move forwards and backwards through their tunnels with ease. They have sensory hairs on their heads, forefeet and tail, which allows them to pick up information from vibrations in the ground.
How do I spot them?
Moles are found in most of Europe except for Ireland and live in grassland, deciduous woodland areas, playing fields, parks, golf courses, and private gardens.
How do they live?
Moles live for approximately three years and the breeding season is between February and June. Moles only have one litter of young a year and the gestation period is four weeks. The litter of young is between two and seven and the young are born blind and without fur. The mother feeds them for four to five weeks and after that they leave the nest to fend for themselves. Moles are active all throughout the year and do not hibernate.
How do they affect me?
Due to tunnelling behaviour they cause damage to land by the unsightly mole hills they cause. On lawns and golf courses the area disfigured by the mole hill prevents the grass from growing and allows weeds to grow. Where they have been digging under crops it can cause some of the crop to die or have its growth stunted.
How do I control them?
Various repellent devices are available which have varying degrees of effectiveness in eradicating moles.
Moles can be trapped but specialist traps have to be used. The use of traps is time consuming and other animals and people can spring them by accident.
Poisons are also used to eradicate moles but you will need professional treatment, as there is strict legislation in force and special licences have to be applied for to use these poisons.